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Rehabilitate the Noble Word, “Pastors”

Amen, John Stott:

“In our day, in which there is much confusion about the nature and purpose of the pastoral ministry, and much questioning whether clergy are primarily social workers, psychotherapists, educators, facilitators or administrators, it is important to rehabilitate the noble word ‘pastors’, who are shepherds of Christ’s sheep, called to tend, feed and protect them.”

- The Message of Acts (Downers Grove, IL: IVP, 1990), 323.

Leadership in the Church

Today in my Pastoral Ministry class we will be discussing 1 Thess 5:12-13, which is a significant passage on the duties of pastors to congregation and congregation to pastors. Some seek to evade the language of authority in this text, but that is misguided. I think it reveals our discomfort with the idea of authority- which is a problem. Of course, there are examples of abuse of authority, but every good thing God has ordained has been abused somewhere. The way forward is not to reject what God has made but to pursue its proper use.

Greg Beale, in his commentary, speaks to this issue well:

One of the reasons for this predicament is that we too often view church leaders as CEOs of the church “corporation,” whose purpose is to meet our needs.  If the church does not meet our needs in the way we think it should, we find another “church store” to attend.  Another reason for this situation is that the American church has been so permeated with democracy and individualism that these two great American ideals have been taken to an extreme.  Too often churches proclaim that their goal is that every believer become a “minister.”  The implication is that every believer is to be equal with every other believer and that, ideally, there should be no one in an authoritative position over anyone else.  Of course, it is true that everyone in the church is equal in the sense of being in the image of God.  Accordingly, all should grow in their recognition and exercise of the diverse gifts that they have received from God.  But Christians are not equal in the sense that they have functional equality in the church.  Rather, they have different gifts that entail different kinds of functions.  Leadership is among these gifts (Eph 4:11).

We need to be instructed about the important role leaders play in the church and how others who have not been called to be leaders should look upon those in authority over them.[1]


[1] G.K. Beale, 1-2 Thessalonians, The IVP New Testament Commentary Series (Downers Grove, IL: Intervarsity Press, 2003), 158-59.


“Go, Labor On; Spend, and Be Spent”

I recently came across another hymn by Horatius Bonar, which I have added to my “Poems of Perseverance” file. It is on my office door this week as my Poem of the Week.

 “Go, Labor On; Spend, and Be Spent”

Go, labor on; spend, and be spent;
Thy joy to do the Father’s will;
It is the way the Master went;
Should not the servant tread it still?

Go, labor on: ’tis not for nought;
Thy earthly loss is heav’nly gain;
Men heed thee, love thee, praise thee not;
The Master praises, what are men?

Go, labor on; your hands are weak,
Your knees are faint, your souls cast down;
Yet falter not; the prize you seek
Is near, a kingdom and a crown.

Go, labor on while it is day,
The world’s dark night is hastening on;
Speed, speed thy work, cast sloth away,
It is not thus that souls are won.

Men die in darkness at your side,
Without a hope to cheer the tomb;
Take up the torch and wave it wide,
The torch that lights time’s thickest gloom.

Press on, faint not, keep watch and pray;
Be wise the erring soul to win;
Go forth into the world’s highway,
Compel the wanderer to come in.

Press on, and in thy work rejoice;
For work comes rest, the prize thus won;
Soon shalt thou hear the Master’s voice,
The midnight cry, Behold, I come!
-          Horatius Bonar

Power in the Pulpit

While preparing for an upcoming lecture on pastoral ministry I came back across this helpful quote from the little gem, The Ministry: Addresses to Students of Divinity, by Charles Brown. Where some in the past thought the press had made preachign irrelevant, many today think various forms of media have had the same effect. Brown’s words are a good reminder.

The power of preaching. But we are told that this in our age is gone, the Press having taken its place. If so, assuredly the worse for the age; for the Press, whatever may be its power, can never supply the place of the Pulpit. But I believe that this whole allegation about the power of the Pulpit being gone is baseless. I will tell you what is gone. The power of a neat little manuscript, carried to the pulpit, and prettily read – that is gone. Oh, never attempt, by the reading of a little manuscript book in the pulpit, to compete with the volumes which issue from the press, or you shall be miserably cast in the competition.
But carry to the pulpit a different thing altogether; carry to it well-digested thoughts, with suitable words to express them – written in your inmost soul, and if needful also in your manuscript – thoughts and words wherewith to stir the souls of your hearers to their inmost depths, – wherewith to hold living intercourse with them, and tell them what God has been telling you; and both you and they shall find that the Pulpit still wields a power altogether its own.” (61)

Christian History Magazine Issue Devoted to Billy Graham

Christian history mag, B grahamIssue 111 of Christian History Magazine is titled “Billy Graham: Apostle of Changed Lives and Second Chances” and is completely devoted to the the legacy of Graham. You can see this issue here. I am excited to peruse this issue.

Here is more information about it from the press release:

Christian History magazine’s guest editorial consultant, Grant Wacker, a Duke Divinity School professor and author of America’s Pastor: Billy Graham and the Shaping of a Nation, leads a team of distinguished historians and writers who tell the epic story of Mr. Graham’s life and career, a unique contribution to the character and spirit of the evangelical church, the nation and the world. The issue’s 10 articles, rare archive photos and intimate writing style documents the life and family of Billy Graham, who has personally shared the salvation message of Jesus Christ with more people than any other individual in history.


Guest editor, David Neff, former editor of Christianity Today, has assembled the talents and expertise of several leading historians and writers, to capture the essence of the life and times of America’s most prominent religious figure, Billy Graham and the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association ministry (BGEA). Outstanding among many central themes associated with Mr. Graham in the issue, and lasting throughout his career, is his core preaching message focused on belief in Jesus and the believer’s life, lived in faith and holiness.

New Baptism Hymn

My poem of the week last week was a new baptism hymn written by one of my pastors, Justin Wainscott. We really do have a shortage of good baptism hymns, which is odd for Baptists, so I was delighted to see this new hymn from Justin, whose poems I have posted here before. It is a wonderful thing to have pastors produces theologically rich poetry, which we can sing congregationally!

The hymn is in common meter so it can be sung to a number of well known tunes including the tune commonly used for “O God Our Help in Ages Past” (St. Anne).

“Baptized in Union with Our Lord”

Baptized in union with our Lord,
Like Him we’re called to die;
Those waters are to us a cross,
Where sin is crucified.
Baptized in union with our Lord,
Those waters, like a grave,
Are where our old and sinful selves
Get buried ’neath the wave.
Baptized in union with our Lord,
Rejoice that it is true:
That from those waters, just like Christ,
We’re raised to life anew!
Baptized and raised, as though reborn,
Alive to God above;
The Father looks on us as sons;
In Christ, we are belov’d.
Baptized according to the Word,
And in the threefold name;
Our faith in Father, Spirit, Son,
We do hereby proclaim.

Craven Surrender of Ministers

George Weigel’s recent essay, “Men Without Conviction, Churches Without People,” deserves reading. Here is the heart of his thesis:

The radical secularization that has transformed Christianity’s heartland into the most religiously arid half-continent on the planet has at least as much to do with the craven surrender of ministers of the gospel to theological and political fads, and their consequent loss of faith, as it does with the impact of urbanization, mass education, and the industrial revolution on Europeans’ understanding of themselves. [emphasis added]

Read the recent examples he gives of ministers disavowing belief in central gospel truths. Disbelief and capitulation are in abundant supply. What is needed, what will be striking, what many are looking for, is bold, winsome proclamation of truth with conviction and charity.

Let us be about it.

Patience, by Edgar Guest

My poem of the week this week comes from one of my favorite poets, Edgar Guest. I love how Guest speaks of the beauty of everyday life, home, family and perseverance. There is simple wisdom here.



The patient man who stands to care
And shrugs his shoulders now and then
At little hurts he has to bear
Out distances the fretful men.

The patient man who bit by bit
Some trying, tedious task completes,
Conquers where fretful men admit
The pain required their skill defeats.

The price of many goals is Time,
Plus willingness to work and wait.
Though courage oft is called sublime,
One must have patience to be great.

Steadfast of purpose he must be,
Who would some worthwhile goal attain;
When fretful men disheartened flee,
The man of patience dares again.

-from Life’s Highway, by Edgar A. Guest

Best Reads of 2017

Each year I keep a list of the books I read all the way through, typically with brief notes, as a way of tracking my thoughts and a way to look back on each year and see some of what influenced me. So, in this post I have drawn from that list some of the best books I read this year with slightly edited versions of the notes I jotted down after reading them.

I selected a Top 10 from the books I read this year (with some help by combining!). These 10 aren’t listed in a particular order, and they made this list for various reasons ranging from sheer enjoyment to level of impact on me. Following the Top 10 are some more books I enjoyed reading this year (in no particular order) as well as some disappointing ones.

Top Ten

  1. The Trinity and Our Moral Life According to St. Paul, Ceslaus Spicq- This is a wonderful little book! It is at the top of this list intentionally. Spicq’s commentary on the Pastoral Epistles is famous, but it has never been translated into English. I bought this book because Fred Sanders recommended it saying Spicq engages the Pastorals significantly in it. I intended simply to peruse the book to find his engagement with the PE but I was captivated and read it straight through. Spicq (1901-1992) was a well-established biblical scholar, but he writes here not to impress the academy but, as a true pastor, relying on and rooted in the truthfulness of the Scripture he expounds the text for the spiritual edification of his readers. It was refreshing, edifying, and helpful. Only in one place (lack of impact of the fall on reason) did I significantly differ from him and that was a minor point in the book.
  2. Destiny of the Republic: A Tale of Madness, Medicine, and the Murder of a President, Candice Millard- As well as, her two other books, The River of Doubt: Theodore Roosevelt’s Darkest Journey and Hero of the Empire: The Boer War, a Daring Escape and the Making of Winston Churchill. I admit I am cheating here to sneak in three books under one listing, but Candice Millard is the new addition to my list of favorite authors. I read Hero of the Empire and then went on to read every other books she has written. I eagerly await her next book, whatever it is. This is historical writing at its best! She uses her sources well, letting them make the point and not intruding into the story. She weaves into the immediate story supporting history, geography, botany, medicine, etc. in such an engaging way. I began wanting to know about James Garfield, Roosevelt or Churchill but along the way learned a surprising amount about 19th century medicine, Alexander Graham Bell, the Amazon jungle- its plant life and history, and South African history among many other things. These books are amazing.
  3. Watership Down, Richard Adams- I have often heard people praise this book but years ago when I started to read it to my children, who were pretty young, the early vision of the field of blood put us off. I returned to it this year and was entranced. The way the rabbit world and broader animal world (and language) are conceived is amazing. The author clearly did his homework on the animals as well. Listening to audio was particularly good with the animal vocabulary. Some astute observation about society.
  4. Why the Reformation Still Matters, Michael Reeves & Tim Chester- Excellent! This is the book on the Reformation I’ve been wanting for years
  5. Out of the Ashes: Rebuilding American Culture, Anthony Esolen- I am interested in everything Esolen writes because he writes so beautifully and insightfully. This book did not disappoint. It is a profound and helpful challenge.
  6. The Sackett Companion: A Personal Guide the Sackett Novels, Louis L’Amour- I finished the Sackett series early this year and then really enjoyed this companion which filled in gaps and made connections as well as giving L’Amour’s further thoughts on the stories. It was sad to hear of further installments of the series which he had planned but obviously did not get to before he died. Outside of the Sacket series I particularly enjoyed The Ferguson Rifle and Dark Canyon this year.
  7. The Green Ember and Ember Falls, S. D. Smith- Very good! This was probably the favorite book I read with my younger children this year. It has some similarities to Redwall (rabbit kingdom, religious community) but with stronger, or more overt religious/moral overtones. It is a great story well told. We also enjoyed the brief prequel Black Star of Kingston, and we are eagerly awaiting the next book of the series.
  8. Stonewall Jackson’s Book of Maxims, ed. James I. Robertson, Jr- Fascinating! Leading Civil War scholar Robertson discovered the oft discussed but lost book of maxims which Stonewall kept and has here reproduced it with photos of the pages and the text retyped with Robertson’s commentary on the sources of the maxims and instances where one can see the principle of the maxim illustrated in Jackson’s life. This intentional approach to moral improvement- common in the Victorian era- could be instructive to us today. I find much good here regarding looking at those who talk to you, giving full attention, not interrupting, not going on too long with your own talk or dominating a conversation, working to please others, to be accommodating, etc.
  9. Bruchko, Bruce Olson- I have often heard this book prosed and finally read it myself. I promptly assigned it as reading for my homeschooled teenager. It is a powerful story of suffering, perseverance, dependence on God in the pursuit of missions and effort to explain the gospel in understandable ways.
  10. God’s Smuggler, Brother Andrew, John and Elizabeth Sherrill- Unintentionally but quite beneficially this for me was a year of reading missions biographies. This is another that has sit on my shelf a long time. It was also challenging and encouraging.

Other Good Reads by subject area:


  1. Southern Baptist Pioneer: Oliver Hart, the Evangelical Revival, and the Making of the Baptist South, Eric Smith- A fascinating read! I was blessed to get to read this in draft form. It is due out next year I believe. Eric has done a great job telling the story of this Key Baptist leader in the colonial South. Much here to glean for ministry today.
  2. For the Glory: The Untold and Inspiring Story of Eric Liddell, Hero of Chariots of Fire, Duncan Hamilton- I have loved the Eric Liddell story since I saw Chariots of Fire as a kid. This great biography corrected numerous historical errors of the movie and then told the story of his mission efforts and eventual death in China. It is critical of Liddell’s mission agency. Thanks to David Carothers for recommending this one. I also read Liddell’s The Disciplines of the Christian Life, a booklet which was unpublished until after the Chariots of Fire movie which motivated a guy to go locate the book. I really liked the introduction.
  3. The Heavenly Man, Brother Yun with Paul Hattaway- This was also a challenging story of faith, sacrifice and obedience as Brother Yun sought to serve the Lord in his native China. I am aware that there is some controversy over this book including some of the miraculous claims. I do not know enough to have an opinion on this, but I found the book challenging nonetheless.
  4. Calvin, Bruce Gordon- This is now the standard biography on Calvin, and I found it well-written and informative.
  5. Brand Luther: How an Unheralded Monk Turned His Small Town into a Center of Publishing, Made Himself the Most Famous Man in Europe–and Started the Protestant Reformation, Andrew Pettegree- A fascinating look at the role of printing in the Reformation and Luther’s impact on the printing industry. Becomes an interesting study of the impact of faith on business
  6. The Church Comes from All Nations: Luther Texts on Mission, Volker Stolle- A great collection of quotes from Luther (lengthy ones showing context, not mere snippets) showing his concern for world mission (contra critics).
  7. Luther, Calvin and the Mission of the Church: The Mission Theology and Practice of the Protestant Reformers, Thorsten Prill- Another good rebuttal of the negative view of the Reformers. Deals with literature I did not yet know of.
  8. John Calvin: Man of God’s Word, Written and Preached, Peter Barnes- A good little book on Calvin’s commitment to Scripture.
  9. The American Spirit: Who We Are and What We Stand For, David McCullough- I really enjoyed these speeches given at various places including some key historical spots. McCullough communicates so well.
  10. America: Personal Reflections of An Historian, Stephen Ambrose-I like reading Ambrose and these reflections are worthwhile.
  11. The Greatest Knight: The Remarkable Life of William Marshall, the Power behind Five English Thrones, Thomas Asbridge- This was fascinating. I had my eye on this since it came out and finally found an inexpensive, clean copy at Goodwill. This story emerges from the discovery of a document which had been lost for centuries. Marshal served as the epitome of knighthood and his career spans some of the most dramatic history of England.
  12. Rockport: A Childhood by the Sea, John Freeman- I love local history and I have a great respect for Dr. John Freeman, retired missionary and medical doctor, so I was primed to like this book. I had heard Dr. Freeman talk about his childhood as well, so it was fun to read his stories of growing up in Rockport, TX, during WWII. I also enjoyed his Razorback Country: A 1900 Saga of Two Brothers Growing Up in Little River County, Arkansas
  13. Coolidge, Amity Shlaes- This was very informative, with much detail, though it doesn’t sing like Millard’s books (above). I also enjoyed The Quotable Calvin Coolidge: Sensible Words for a New Century by Peter Hannaford, which is a nice collection of quotes showing Coolidge’s belief in hard work, thrift, perseverance, compassion and the necessity of religion.
  14. Lion of Liberty, Harlow Giles Unger- I really like Patrick Henry and this was an engaging biography of him, though it seemed snide in places. I’d like to read Thomas Kidd’s bio now.
  15. Thomas Jefferson: Revolutionary: A Radical’s Struggle to Remake America, Kevin Gutzman- Very good first chapter on Jefferson’s understanding of how the USA government should function.
  16. The Perfect Storm: A True Story of Men Against the Sea, Sebastian Junger- A powerful story which made me fear the sea more. Moving accounts of emptiness of many lives. Also interesting on dreams.
  17. Forgotten Founder. Drunken Prophet: The Life of Luther Martin, Bill Kauffman- brilliant writing, though profane in many places. Important examination of Anti-Federalist arguments and the results today of ignoring them. I forgot I had read this before and listed it as a best read in 2011!
  18. Sasse- On the Record: A Collection of Senator Ben Sasse’s Most Influential Speeches, Ben Sasse- A good collection of speeches. I like his emphasis on the constitution, limited government, separation of powers, the need for the Senate to get down to real work and taking on the key issues of the day.
  19. Autobiography of Blackhawk- A sobering firsthand account of why this Native American chief fought for the British in the War of 1812.

Biblical Studies/Theology

  1. You Are What You Love: The Spiritual Power of Habit, James K. Smith- Though I think he overplays his hand in places and takes too dismal a view of the intellect in formation, I appreciated much in this book. I especially appreciated what he says about the importance of formative worship.
  2. The Death of Scripture and the Rise of Biblical Studies, Michael Legaspi-The book is not as exciting as the title, but it is important and valuable. It is largely a history of one German university in the 18th and 19th centuries. You can get the key points from the introduction and first chapter. Legaspi helpfully critiques the move in academia from seeing Scripture as Holy Writ to seeing it as a document to dissect.
  3. The Benedict Option: A Strategy for Christians in a Post-Christian Nation, Rod Dreher- I enjoyed reading this book with a faculty group at Union. The book is better than some of the hype around it. I liked Esolen’s book (above) better, but I resonate with much of what Dreher writes here and have seen this sort of thing being done in local churches.


  1. Lord of the Flies, William Golding- A sobering tale illustrating the depth of human depravity and the thin veil of “civilization” which typical covers that depravity.
  2. The Flames of Rome, Paul L. Maier- Good historical fiction, meticulously researched, careful to follow all historical data we have and then fill in gaps only in plausible ways. Then nicely written. Racy in places, but very moving. The danger of first century Christians hit me afresh even though I’ve read about these things for a long time.
  3. The Time Machine, HG Wells- I think I had read this before, but this is another helpful critique of society clothed in science fiction.
  4. Pudd’nhead Wilson, Mark Twain- It was fun to re-read this classic tale with one of my sons. It is classic Twain with significant critique of societal ideas of race and class.
  5. The Tower Treasure, Franklin W. Dixon- It was fun to re-read this one to my younger children. It is quite simple, but I appreciated the strong family dynamic and the affection between father and sons which is typically absent from young adult literature and children’s movies today.
  6. Kingdom’s Dawn, Book 1 of the Kingdom Series, Chuck Black- good, fun read. As in his other books Black tells a story of knights that nicely parallels a portion of the biblical storyline. Parts are quite good and parts are a bit of a stretch. Still it is fun and informative. My youngest, who has been less interested in our reading times, began to ask for it and said, “This is a good book.” We also enjoyed the next volume in the series, Kingdom’s Hope.

Not as good

  1. Son of a Wanted Man, Louis L’Amour- The dramatized audio did not come across well (melodramatic, cheesy) and apparently it deviates a good bit from the book. It is sad that they devoted time and energy to this rather than getting good readings of other books which connect to the Sacketts. Hondo was not so good either.
  2. The Call of the Wild, Jack London- This was another re-read with my homeschooled teenager. Fair, not great. I don’t see what the great admiration for it is.
  3. Maltese Falcon, Dashiell Hammett- A mediocre story with lame characters, not a one to like. They are all no-count, untrustworthy louts. It isn’t even told in a striking manner. I don’t see why this has received praise.



A Christmas Poem

New Heaven, New War (excerpt)


This little Babe so few days old,
Is come to rifle Satan’s fold;
All hell doth at his presence quake,
Though he himself for cold do shake;
For in this weak, unarmed wise,
The gates of hell he will surprise.
With tears he fights and wins the field,
His naked breast stands for a shield;
His battering shot are babish cries,
His arrows made of weeping eyes,
His martial ensigns cold and need,
And feeble flesh his warrior’s steed.
His camp is pitched in a stall,
His bulwark but a broken wall;
The crib his trench, hay stalks his stakes,
Of shepherds he his muster makes;
And thus as sure his foe to wound,
The Angels’ trumps alarum sound.
My soul with Christ join thou in fight,
Stick to the tents that he hath dight;
Within his crib is surest ward,
This little Babe will be thy guard;
If thou wilt foil thy foes with joy,
Then flit not from the heavenly boy.
By Robert Southwell